WordPress content directories explained

WordPress efficiently maintains a large amount of website content. Along with management features, WordPress keeps data in specified directories, called the WordPress content directories.

Right after you install WordPress, or download and extract the ZIP file, you can see the WordPress directory structure. The WordPress root folder consists of three main directories, naming wp-admin, wp-content, and wp-includes in the order.

In this article today, we aim at describing the importance of WordPress content directories. The matter is essential for beginners, as well as advanced users in the trade, and helps you recover your site from a crash.

Without further ado, let’s address the importance and use of the WordPress content directories. The write-up helps you learn how can you manage your site well, in case of uncertain management issues in WordPress.

WordPress directory structure

The WordPress package includes three directories for various purposes. The first directory, wp-admin holds files for managing the administrative functionality of WordPress. Similarly, the wp-content directory contains website data, such as media files. The third directory, wp-includes keeps coding files to help WordPress run your site correctly.

Along with directories in the WordPress root, you can also see the PHP, CSS, JavaScript, TxT, and XML files. PHP refers to scripting/coding language, responsible for developing a dynamic web application. On the other hand, style.css file in the WordPress directory is responsible for design and styling the WordPress interface.

WordPress content directories

When it comes to WordPress content directories, the first name that comes to mind is the wp-content directory. Besides wp-content, the wp-admin and wp-includes are used for holding files for WordPress functionality. With that clarified, the wp-content stores the uploaded files – everything you upload to your WordPress website and is probably one of the most important directories in WordPress.

It is the WordPress’ wp-content directory that holds your site’s themes, uploads, and plugin files. While the content inside wp-content depends on the web-admin, you can sometimes edit or changes the content inside or delete a plugin or theme entirely.

Let’s have a look at the content inside the wp-content directory.

  • Themes: It consists of theme files for your WordPress website. By using the Hosting cPanel -> File Manager, you can upload theme ZIP files directly to this folder. Conversely, you can generally upload themes files via the Dashboard -> Appearance -> Themes page.
  • Plugins: Like Themes, you can perform upload actions on the Plugins directory.
  • Uploads: The uploads folder contains everything you upload to WordPress. You can manage the upload directory in the cPanel File Manager, or use the WordPress Media Manager page instead.

You may also see the following directories in the wp-content folder.

Importance of wp-content directory

The WordPress wp-content directory is vital for several reasons. In the following lines, we’re going to address its usage criteria.

  • If you’re experiencing the WordPress errors related to Themes or Plugins, you can get straight into the wp-content directory via Hosting cPanel, and delete the suspicious Theme or Plugin files.
  • When dealing with advanced functionality for security purposes, you can also rename the wp-content for enhanced security precautions.
  • In case of losing Dashboard access, you can manage your site’s files from the WordPress wp-content directory. In this case, you can either use the Hosting cPanel as discussed above or use the File Transfer Protocol (if you have already configured FTP on your website).
  • You can create writable files in the wp-content directory. If you run a custom WordPress website like a micro-job portal, you may need to create and save writable files in the said directory.

Last but not least, if something like bots strikes your site more often, you can customize the wp-content directory for tightening your site security. Read more about customizing your site’s wp-content directory for improved security.

Wrapping up

In WordPress, wp-content is the directory you can use for customization, tightening security, and dealing with uncertain situations like deactivating all the plugins at once.

As for file, permissions are concerned, while the directory itself is writable; you can place files inside and head over to Hosting cPanel -> File Permissions to change access levels on sensitive files.

The WordPress content directory can help you even more. In case of losing data, the wp-content along with Database can help you restore your site correctly.

We hope you liked this article. If you want to ask something about WordPress content directories, let us know by joining the conversation in the comments. You can also read more about importing the WordPress content, backing up your WordPress website, and WordPress glossary for beginners.

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